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  Shungui Zhou, Shanshan Chen, Yong Yuan, Qin Lu. Influence of Humic Acid Complexation with Metal Ions on Extracellular Electron Transfer Activity  
 
 
 
   Date: 2015-12-19   Author:   View: 72
 
   
     
 

Link: http://www.nature.com/articles/srep17067

Influence of Humic Acid Complexation with Metal Ions on Extracellular Electron Transfer Activity.pdf

Abstract:

        Humic acids (HAs) can act as electron shuttles and mediate biogeochemical cycles, thereby influencing the transformation of nutrients and environmental pollutants. HAs commonly complex with metals in the environment, but few studies have focused on how these metals affect the roles of HAs in extracellular electron transfer (EET). In this study, HA-metal (HA-M) complexes (HA-Fe, HACu, and HA-Al) were prepared and characterized. The electron shuttle capacities of HA-M complexes were experimentally evaluated through microbial Fe(III) reduction, biocurrent generation, and microbial azoreduction. The results show that the electron shuttle capacities of HAs were enhanced after complexation with Fe but were weakened when using Cu or Al. Density functional theory calculations were performed to explore the structural geometry of the HA-M complexes and revealed the best binding sites of the HAs to metals and the varied charge transfer rate constants (k). The EET activity of the HA-M complexes were in the order HA-Fe > HA-Cu > HA-Al. These findings have important implications for biogeochemical redox processes given the ubiquitous nature of both HAs and various metals in the environment.

 
 
     
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