homepage  Faculty
Prof. Songkun SU

 Time: 2014-06-18  Author:   








 Ph. D., Professor, Advisor of Ph.D, Dean of College of Bee Science, Fujian Agriculture and ForestryUniversity,



  Molecular Biology of Honeybee (Molecular base relating to traits)

  Honeybee Breeding (High Royal Jelly Yield and Disease Resistance)

  Behavior of Honeybee (Dance Language, Labor Division)

  Functional Factors in Bee Products (Major royal jelly proteins; Microorganism in the process from pollen to bee bread )



  Ph.D. in Agronomy, Zhejiang University, China.

  M.S.in Engineering, Zhejiang University, China.

  B.S. in Agronomy, Fujian Agriculture University, China.



  Our major research fields include honeybee genetics and breeding, behavior, molecular biology, functional factors in royal jelly, high and new technology applied in pollen process.

  We bred “Zhenongda No.1” Italian bee breed with high royal jelly and honey production with our colleagues successfully, and continue to cultivate new honey bee breed with high production and anti-chalkbrood, anti-virus well. A new gene chipAgilentof honeybee covering 11689 genes was designed and prepared, and 369 differentially expressed genes were detected between High Royal Jelly Breed and Low Royal Jelly Breed, and three genes were successfully verified to be the molecular markers relating to high royal jelly production trait.

  We concentrate at the waggle dance behavior of honey bee and try to discover the molecular base (biogenic amines, microRNA, gene expression profile, proteins) relating to the magic communication style in bee world.

  We cloned four major royal jelly protein genes (mrjps) of Apis cerana cerana and expressed them in Bombyx mori larvae and determined the functions of their expression products. We extracted functional components from royal jelly using organic membrane and got patent.

  Using next-generation sequencing technology, we determined and analyzed the digital gene expression profiles and microRNA in foragers, nurse workers, dancers of Apis mellifera ligustica and foragers of Apis cerana cerana.

  We discovered the fermentation mechanism from pollen to bee bread and use the principle to process pollen with lactic acid bacteria into artificial bee bread, which is similar to the process from milk to yoghurt.



  2000.05~2000.08  Tetamantti Apiary of Como, Milano, Italy,  Modern Beekeeping Technology

  2005.07~2005.11 Bio-center of WuerzburgUniversity, Study in Professor Juergen Tautz Group, Molecular and Behavior of Bee

  2006.05~2006.05 Research College of Biology Science, The Australian National University, Study in Professor Shaowu Zhang Group, Cognition and Learning Memory of Honeybee

  2006.12~2007.11  Bio-center of WuerzburgUniversity, Study in Professor Juergen Tautz Group, Molecular and Behavior of Bee

  2009.09~2009.09  Attend Apimondia in Monpelia, France and Vis-it Bio-center of WuerzburgUniversity

  2010.09~2010.09  Research College of Biology, The Australian National University, Study in Professor Shaowu Zhang Group, Cognition and Learning Memory of Honeybee



  1. Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Gengand Songkun Su*The effect of royal jelly on the growth of breast cancer in mice. Oncology Letters, 2016. In press. (SCI)

  2. Liu,Y., Yan, L., Li,Z., Huang,W., Pokhrel, S., Liu,X. & Su, S.*,Larva-mediated chalkbrood resistance associated SNP markers in the honey bee Apis mellifera. Insect Molecular Biology, 2016. 25(3): 239-250. (SCI)

  3. Zhiguo Li, Shaokang Huang, Weifone Huang, Haiyang Geng, Yazhou Zhao, Meng Li, Yanping Chen, Songkun Su.*, A scientific note on detection of honey bee viruses in the darkling beetle, an inhabitant in Apis cerana colonies. Apidologie, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0430-1 (SCI)

  4. Xiangqian Guo#, Songkun Su#, Skogerbø Geir, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Shaowu Zhang, Shenglu Chen, Runsheng Chen. Differential expression of miRNAs related to caste differentiation in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Apidologie 2015,11:1-14. doi:10.1007/s13592-015-0389-3. (SCI)

  5. Zhiguo Li, Songkun Su, Michele Hamilton, Limin Yan, Yanping Chen. The ability to cause infection in a pathogenic fungus uncovers a new biological feature of honey bee viruses. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 2014, 120: 18-22. (SCI)

    Maria Gabrielade Brito Sanchez, Esther Lorenzo, Songkun Su, Fanglin Liu, Yi Zhan and Martin Giurfa. The tarsal taste of honeybees: behavioral and electrophysiological analyses. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 2014, 8: 1-16. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00025. (SCI)

    Zhiguo Li, Yanping Chen, Shaowu Zhang, Shenglu Chen, Wenfeng Li, Limin Yan, Liangen Shi, Lyman Wu, Alex Sohr, Songkun Su*. Viral Infection Affects Sucrose Responsiveness and Homing Ability of Forager Honey Bees, Apis mellifera L. PLoS ONE 2013, 8(10): e77354. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077354. (* Corresponding author) (SCI)

    Wenfeng Li, Zachary Y., Huang, Fang Liu, Zhiguo Li, Limin Yan, Shaowu Zhang, Shenglu Chen,Boxiong Zhong, Songkun Su*. Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Juvenile Hormone Acid Methyltransferase in the Honey Bee, Apis mellifera and Its Differential Expression during Caste Differentiation. PLoS ONE 2013, 8(7): e68544. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068544. (* Corresponding author) (SCI)

    Xiangqian Guo#, Songkun Su#, Geir Skogerboe, Shuanjin Dai, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Fang Liu, Ruifeng Ni, Yu Guo, Shenglu Chen, Shaowu Zhang, Runsheng Chen. Recipe for a Busy Bee: MicroRNAs in Honey Bee Caste Determination. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8(12): e81661. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081661. (#These authors contributed equally to this work) (SCI)

    Fang Liu, Wenjun Peng, Zhiguo Li, Wenfeng Li, Li Li, Jiao Pan, Shaowu Zhang, Yungen Miao, Shenglu Chen, Songkun Su*. Next-generation small RNA sequencing for microRNAs profiling in Apis mellifera: comparison between nurses and foragers. Insect Molecular Biology. 2012, 21(3): 297–303. Published online. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2583.2012.01135.x. (SCI)

    Li Li, Fang Liu, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Jiao Pan, Limin Yan, Shaowu Zhang, Zachary Y., Huang, Songkun Su*. Differences in microRNAs and their expressions between foraging and dancing honey bees, Apis mellifera L.Journal of Insect Physiology, 2012, 58: 1438-1443. (SCI)

  6. Zhiguo Li, Fang Liu, Wenfeng Li, Shaowu Zhang, Dong Niu, Haisheng Xu, Qihua Hong, Shenglu Chen, Songkun Su*. Differential transcriptome profiles of heads from foragers: comparison between Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis cerana cerana. Apidologie, 2012, 43: 487-500. Published online 2012-2-9. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-012-0119-z. (SCI)

  7. Fang Liu, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Shaowu Zhang, Shenglu Chen, Songkun Su*. High-abundance mRNAs in Apis mellifera: Comparison between nurses and foragers. Journal of Insect Physiology, 2011, 57: 274-279. (SCI)

  8. Fang Liu , Songkun Su*, Yuxing Wang, Songfu Pan, Xiaohua ZhengShuangjin Dai and Shenglu Chen. Advanced mechanization of royal jelly production. Bee World, 88(2): 44-45.

  9. Songkun Su, Fang Cai, Shaowu Zhang, Aung Si, Jurgen Tautz, Shenglu Chen. East learns from west: Asiatic honeybees can understand dance language of European honeybees. PLoS One, 2008, 3 (6): e2365. (SCI )

  10. Ting Tao, Song-Kun Su*, Yun-Gen Miao, Wan-Fu Yue, Hong-Hu Du, Sheng-Lu Chen, Fang Liu, and Yi Zhan. Expression of Apalbumin1 of Apis cerana cerana in the Larvae of Silkworm, Bombyx mori. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56 (20), 9464–9468. (SCI)

  11. Songkun Su*, Stefan Albert, Shaowu Zhang, Sven Maier, Shenglu Chen, Honghu Du, Jurgen Tautz. Non-destructive genotyping and genetic variation of fanning in a honeybee colony. Journal of Insect Physiology, 2007, 53: 411-417. (SCI)

  12. SHEN Fei-Ying, ALBERT Stefan, SU Song-Kun*, LOU Cheng-Fu, ZHONG Bo-Xiong, RONG Ying-Jun, CHEN Sheng-Lu. Comparative analysis of C-terminal repetitive sequences of MRJP2 among six species of the genus Apis. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 2007, 30(10): 1049-1056. (In Chinese)

  13. RONG Ying-jun, SU Song-kun*, CHEN Ji-shuang, CHEN Sheng-lu. Isolation and identification of a new bacterial pathogen infecting larvae of honeybee (Apis mellifera) Perish. Acta Microbiologica Sinica, 2006, 46(6): 994-998. (In Chinese)

  14. Songkun Su, Stefan Albert, Shenglu Chen, Boxiong Zhong. Molecular cloning and analysis of four cDNAs from the heads of Apis cerana cerana nurse honeybees coding for major royal jelly proteins. Apidologie, 2005 , 36(3): 389-401. (SCI)

  15. Viera Albertová, Songkun Su, Axel Brockmann, Jürgen Gadau, and Stefan Albert. Genomic organization of the mrjp3 locus of four honeybee species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2005, 53(20): 8075-8081. (SCI)

  16. Boxiong Zhong, Jianke Li, Jianrong Lin, Jianshe Liang, Songkun Su, Haisheng Xu, Haiyan Yan, Pingbo Zhang and Hiroshi FUJII. Possible effect of 30K proteins in embryonic development of silkworm Bombyx mori. Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica, 2005, 37(5): 355-361. (SCI)

  17. Jianke Li, Shenglu Chen, Boxiong Zhong, Songkun Su. Optimizing royal jelly production---Good queens are a must! American Bee Journal, 2003, 143(3): 221-223. (SCI)

  18. Songkun Su, Shenglu Chen. The microstructure of pollen grain in tea (Camellia sinensis) pollen and bee bread. Journal of Zhejiang University (Agric. & Life Sci., ed), 2003, 29(4):449-452. (In Chinese)

  19. Shenglu Chen, Songkun Su and Xuezhen Lin. An introduction to high-yielding royal jelly production methods in China. Bee World, 2002, 83(2):69-77 (SCI)


  1. Su, S., Liu, X., Li, Z., Liu, Y. & Xu, S., Method for identification of bee colony’s high royal jelly yield characters with SNP marker rs5749071: China, CN105063202 A[P]. 03-05-2016.

  2. Wang, Y., Su, S., You, Z., Song, X., Shao, Y. & Wang, Q., Larvae grafting machine for mechanical production of royal jelly: China, CN105248315 A[P]. 24-09-2015.

  3. Su, S., Liu, X., Li, Z., Liu, Y. & Meng, W., Method for identification of bee colony’s high royal jelly yield characters with SNP marker rs4208349: China, CN105063202 A[P]. 03-08-2015.

  4. Su, S., Liu, X., Li, Z., Xu, S. & Meng, W., Method for identification of bee colony’s high royal jelly yield characters with SNP mark rs16287910: China,CN 201510478734[P]. 03-08-2015.

  5. Su, S., Liu, Y., Yan, L., Li, Z. & Wang, B., Identify phenotype of chalkbrood resistance of colonies using SNP marker: China, CN 104498608 A[P].20-12-2014.

  6. Wang, Y. Wang, Q. & Su S., Larva clamping machine for mechanical production of royal jelly: China, CN103329823 B[P]. 27-06-2013.

  7. Su, S., Pan, J. & Liu, X.,Method for identifying royal jelly production performance vis SsRbeta gene by RT-qPCR (polymerase chain reaction) technology: China,CN103421901 A[P]. 13-08-2013.

  8. Su, S., Yan, L. Yin, Z. & Yin, J., Method for evaluating chalkbrood resistance of bee larvae: China, CN103305585 B[P]. 01-07-2013.

  9. Wang, Q. & Su S., Larva clamping machine for mechanical production of royal jelly: China, CN102907352 B[P]. 25-05-2012.


  1. National Modern Agro-industry (Honey bee) Technology Research System (No. CARS-45-KXJ3), Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Finance, 201601-202012, ¥ 3,500,000

  2. Effects of Expression Products of Royal Jelly Protein on Carcinoma Cells, Finance Department of Fujian Province, 201401-201612, ¥ 30,000

  3. The improvement research and rearing promotion of honey bee species resource, Hubei Ai Qianhua Queen Biotech Co., Ltd, 201505-202012, ¥ 1000,000




College of Bee Science,

Fujian Agriculture and ForestryUniversity

15 Rd. Shangxia Dian, Changshan District,

Fuzhou, Fujian 350002



 Fax: 0086-591-83739448

 Email: susongkun@zju.edu.cn; 365634176@qq.com

School of Bee Science